Phylogeographical footprint of colonial history in the global dispersal of human immunodeficiency virus type 2 group A.
- Autores: Camacho RJ, de Sousa JD, Erasmus S, Faria NR, Goncalves MF, Goubau P, Hodges-Mameletzis I, Jallow S, Lemey P, Paolucci S, Pieniazek D, Rodés B, Ruelle J, Silva JC, Soriano V, Suchard MA, Taveira N, Treviño A, Vandamme AM, Xu L
- Journal: Journal of General Virology
- Link: http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/?term=Phylogeographical+footprint+of+colonial+history+in+the+global+dispersal+of+human+immunodeficiency+virus+type+2+group+A
Human immunodeficiency virus type 2 (HIV-2) emerged in West Africa and has spread further to countries that share socio-historical ties with this region. However, viral origins and dispersal patterns at a global scale remain poorly understood. Here, we adopt a Bayesian phylogeographic approach to investigate the spatial dynamics of HIV-2 group A (HIV-2A) using a collection of 320 partial pol and 248 partial env sequences sampled throughout 19 countries worldwide.