- Autores: Crabbe R, Cuypers L, Kerremans L, Libin P, Snoeck J, Van Dooren S, Vandamme AM, Vuagniaux G
- Ano de Publicação: 2016
- Journal: Infection Genetics and Evolution
- Link: https://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/S156713481630274X?via%3Dihub
Major advances have revolutionized the HCV antiviral treatment field, with interferon-free combinations of direct-acting antivirals (DAAs) resulting into success rates of >90% for all HCV genotypes. Nevertheless, viral eradication at a global level stills remains challenging, stimulating the continued search for new affordable pan-genotypic drugs. To overcome selection of drug resistant variants, targeting host proteins can be an attractive mechanism of action. Alisporivir (Debio 025) is a potent pan-genotypic host-targeting antiviral agent, acting on cyclophilin A, which is necessary for HCV replication. The efficacy and safety of three different oral doses of alisporivir in combination with pegylated interferon-α2a given over a period of four weeks, was investigated in a randomized, double-blind and placebo-controlled phase IIa clinical trial, in 90 treatment-naïve subjects infected with chronic hepatitis C, wherefrom 58 HCV1b samples were selected for genetic sequencing purposes. Sequencing results were used to study the HCV genome for amino acid changes potentially related with selective pressure and resistance to alisporivir. By comparing baseline and on-treatment sequences, a large variation in proportion of amino acid changes was detected in all treatment arms. The NS5A variant D320E, which was previously identified during in vitro resistance selection and resulted in 3.6-fold reduced alisporivir susceptibility, emerged in two subjects in the alisporivir monotherapy arm. However, emergence of D320E appeared to be associated only with concurrent viral load rebound in one subject with 0.8log10IU/ml increase in HCV RNA. In general, for all datasets, low numbers of positions under positive selective pressure were observed, with no significant differences between naïve and treated sequences. Additionally, incomplete sequence information for some of the 22 patients and the low number of individuals per treatment arm, is limiting the power to assess the association of alisporivir or interferon treatment with the observed amino acid changes.