- Autores: Arez AP, Nogueira F, Silveira H
- Ano de Publicação: 2015
- Journal: Anais do Instituto de Higiene e Medicina Tropical
- Link: http://ihmtweb.ihmt.unl.pt/PublicacoesFB/Anais/Anais2014/files/assets/basic-html/page-7.html
Malaria is a parasitic infection transmitted by Anopheles mosquitoes. Five species of the genus Plasmodium cause disease in humans: P. vivax, P. malariae, P. ovale, P. knowlesi e P. falciparum being the last, the one that causes most mortality and morbidity. During 1950s and early 1960s, the global eradication of malaria was believed possible, but the successively implemented eradicationprogrammes failed and eradication was achieved only in Europe and during the 1970’s. As a consequence of the historical presence of Portugal in malaria endemic areas and due to the fact that malaria was also a health problem in Portugal, Portuguese scientists namely from IHMT, had a very relevant role in the study and control of malaria. IHMT kept a regular monitoring of the disease from 1950 onward, mostly in Angola, Mozambique and São Tomé e Príncipe.With end of the colonial rule and with the creation of CMDT in 1992, the study of malaria in IHMT took a more researchoriented turn.