- Autores: Almeida AP, De Carvalho IL, Rocha DK
- Journal: In vivo
- Link: http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/?term=Immune+Reactivity+to+Dengue+and+Aedes+albopictus+Mosquitoes+in+the+Population+from+Macao%2C+China%2C+Before+Dengue+Occurrence
A serological survey was conducted in Macao, China, in 753 individuals, with the objective of looking for antibodies to the mosquito, Aedes albopictus (Skuse 1894) (Diptera: Culicidae), and to dengue, before the occurrence of any autochthonous dengue cases. Blood samples were collected at several public health services, a questionnaire was answered, and enzyme-linked immunosorbant assay (ELISA) and Western blot techniques were performed with extracts of mosquito head and thorax (HT). Anti-Aedes albopictus IgG antibodies were present in titres 1:10(2)-1:10(3) in 9%, and in titres 1:10(4)-1:10(5) in 42% of the sera tested. This reactivity was more frequent (59%) in the population which had resided only in Macao in the 2 years previous to the survey, as opposed to those that had also resided in other areas (50%). From the 230 reactive sera selected for immunoblot, 48 (21%) reacted with a wide range of proteins from above 224 kDa to 21 kDa, with different patterns according to individual sera. Proteins in the intervals 35.3-28.7 kDa and 28.7-21.1 kDa were labelled by the greatest number of sera, 15 and 19 respectively. The presence of anti-Aedes albopictus antibodies presented a statistical relation to skin reaction to mosquito bites, but immunoblot patterns did not. Anti-dengue IgG antibodies were found in 48% of the subjects, with a higher proportion in people who had resided out of Macao, or who were nationals from dengue-endemic neighboring countries. Anti-dengue reactivity was in agreement with anti-mosquito reactivity in half of the population. It would be interesting to see if this proportion has changed since dengue became endemic in Macao in 2001.