In an increasingly globalized world, travel and migratory flows pose challenges to public health and healthcare systems. Modern mobility can contribute to dissemination of pathogens and genetic traits, changes in lifestyle and increased health vulnerability. This influences disease burden with repercussions for healthcare systems, which have to adapt to different needs and be responsive in terms of disease prevention, diagnosis, treatment and care. Equally, migrant populations can bring significant benefits to host countries by stimulating economy growth and demographic renewal. Improving migrants’ health and reducing adverse health outcomes is crucial for their good integration. HCTM will develop a knowledge base grounded in scientific research to (i) better understand the health and health systems implications/challenges of increasing mobility, and (ii) support better policy and service-delivery strategies to improve health outcomes related to global health challenges.
In 2016, results regarding to prevalence of HIV infection and its determinants (AIDS Behav, 2016; Archives of Sexual Behavior, 2016 ;), women’s health and mental health (Ethnicity & Health, 24:1-16; Revista de Saúde Pública, 50, 35), within the scope of the HCTM thematic line, stood out.
A systematic review was written about HIV-TB co-infection in migrants and HIV infection in African immigrants in Portugal. An FCT-funded project was launched to identify the determinants of HIV transmission in immigrants living in Portugal. A project was approved by the GHTM research projects’ call to investigate new TB infections in immigrants. A network of Portuguese-speaking countries tasked with strengthening health systems and minimizing the emergence of drug resistance to HIV, TB and Malaria is to be ceated, having been selected for the 2nd phase of an EDCTP call.